eEditions of the following textbooks after the year 2007 are appropriate for use in AP English Language & Composition. Earlier editions of these texts or other textbooks not listed here may meet the AP Course Audit curricular requirements if supplemented with appropriate college-level instructional resources. Readers, Handbooks, Style Guides, and Grammar Texts listed are not required for the course and may include texts published before the year above. A textbook may serve the purposes of these additional texts. Because college/university composition courses often use such texts and many AP English Language and Composition teachers rely on them, they are included and reviewed for your convenience. For discussions regarding the usefulness of these texts and other teaching materials in the AP English Language & Composition classroom, please consult the Resource section of the online teacher community .
The AP English Language and Composition course aligns to an introductory college-level rhetoric and writing curriculum, which requires students to develop evidence-based analytic and argumentative essays that proceed through several stages or drafts. Students evaluate, synthesize, and cite research to support their arguments. Throughout the course, students develop a personal style by making appropriate grammatical choices. Additionally, students read and analyze the rhetorical elements and their effects in non-fiction texts, including graphic images as forms of text, from many disciplines and historical periods.