A replication is a study whose primary purpose is to confirm the validity of a previously published study. A replication will generally consist of two parts. The first part is an attempt to reproduce key findings from the original study. In this exercise, the replicating author will ideally attempt to exactly reproduce the original study’s findings using the identical data set. If the replicating author is initially unsuccessful in this exercise, it is expected that they will contact the original author to gain their assistance in this exercise. In the event that a replication study is successful at reproducing the original study, the next part should consist of a robustness check, if possible. This can be done through a variety of means such as estimating alternative variable specifications, using new data, and/or applying appropriate, alternative estimation procedures. The journal is committed to publishing both confirming and disconfirming replications. The only criterion is that the replication be done to a high standard of professional competency.