This is a really useful resource. Thank you for sharing it. The information is clear, concise, and easy to get through quickly. I think it's really cool how you've broken down logos into various modes. For example, I have taught a "definition essay" in past composition courses, and I've found that the skills the essay enforces are worthwhile. However, now that I teach a rhetoric course, there isn't time to work on a separate definition essay. Your explanation of logos includes definition, so teaching the appeals this way would allow me to incorporate a short discussion and writing exercise/group activity on definition. I can stay focused on argument while also touching on definition, analogy, cause & effect, etc. I haven’t seen logos explained like this before, but I will certainly adopt this method in my own classes. Also, the Starbucks example is great, as well as the extended basketball example.
A few quick fixes: I noticed some really minor typos (characer, resonsible, locial). In your initial outline of content (which is helpful), there’s an “a” instead of a “b” in section iii.
The above examples of comparison help us realize that in general, writers utilize different kinds of comparisons to link an unfamiliar or a new idea to common and familiar objects. It facilitates readers to comprehend a new idea, which may have been difficult for them to understand otherwise. The understanding of a new idea turns out to be simpler when viewed with a comparison to something that is familiar to them. In addition, by making use of various literary tools for comparison, writers increase their chance of catching the attention and interest of their readers, as comparisons help them identify what they are reading to their lives.
Just referred to this article to complete an essay!
In my essay, we were required to analyze an article and point out where and how the author uses all of the different appeals. It was kinda tricky because I had a news article, and in news articles, the authors “try” to publish “unbiased” pieces, but of course there’s always some bias in their writings to give their newspublisher some leverage.
So for me, finding pathos arguments in the news article was pretty tricky. The author mainly relied on ethos and some logos to prove his claims, but thanks to the stuff you posted about pathos, I was able to find one pathos appeal in his article (seriously, there was only one!). Thanks so much for this post!