2 . For much of Great Expectations, Pip seems to believe in a stark division between good and evil, and he tends to classify people and situations as belonging to one extreme or the other: for instance, despite their respective complexities, he believes that Estella is good and the convict is evil. Yet, both socially and morally, Pip himself is often caught between extremes; his own situation rarely matches up to his moral vision. What is the role of moral extremes in this novel? What does it mean to be ambiguous or caught between extremes?
Many questions arise in the primary chapter that captivate the reader to continue reading. These questions that surface are necessary to drive the plot forward and also can be used to add a twist to the current storyline to extend the reader's interest. Dickens places many techniques into effect that are used to supply this effect such as: pathetic fallacy, use of metaphors and similes, oxymorons such as 'pretty eyes scorning me,' and finally a vast use of complex adjectives such as 'sagacious.' These methods are also needed to develop the key themes of the novel throughout, to add suspense and then in contrast to supply Victorian humour and finally to add attention-grabbing introductions for main characters. If Charles Dickens had not applied these narrative tools to the opening chapter of this book, 'Great Expectations' would have not been such a successful and inspiring novel.