Lov departs and Caldwell reflects on Jeeter’s position as a tenant farmer in the South . Even though Jeeter, like so many others around him, had the urge to plant a crop during this time of the year, there was nothing he could do. His landlord was an absentee and had abandoned Jeeter and the rest of those who had lived on his land and given him shares of their crop in exchange for credit for seeds and fertilizer. The stores in the city would not grant any more credit to Jeeter or any of the other farmers because it was too risky and there were too many asking for it.
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The remains of the Castrum projected on later buildings. This rectangular fortress, from the early third century BC, was built with large tufa blocks. Remains of these old walls can still be seen in a few places. The course of several streets in the centre of Imperial Ostia was determined by the lay-out of the fortress. The Capitolium (temple of Jupiter, Juno and Minerva) at the north end of the Forum, in the centre of Ostia. The present building dates back to the second century AD, and replaces two Augustan temples. The Imperial Forum is in the middle of the Castrum, but it is not known when the square was laid out. The late republican period: 267 BC - Octavianus In the third century BC Ostia was primarily a naval base. In 267 BC it became the seat of one of the quaestores classici (officials taking care of the fleet), the quaestor Ostiensis . The office was related to the Punic wars, with Carthago. Ostia now played an important role as military harbour, and for that reason the inhabitants were freed from military duties, so that they could remain at work in the harbour.