administrative machinery under the overall guidance and direction of the political executive.
The above tasks and challenges for the higher Civil Services were taken due note of by the Kothari Committee (1974-76) which had mentioned that to successfully meet the challenges facing the nation, the members of the Service must have not only " relevant knowledge and skills " but also " socio-emotional and moral qualities for working for and with the community". We endorse the above views and fePl that whereas intellectual attributes, relevant knowledge and capacity to innovate in a period of rapid transition are necessary for the higher Civil Services, the members of such Services must have social traits to identify themselves with the people tc make administration a participative adventure 1. To be ruccessfu1,the officers must also have capacity for hard work , honesty,
In order to produce a good response essay it is necessary to draw strong parallels between the analyzed work and personal experience. All the statements presented in a response essay must be proved by actual evidence presented in the work. This is required to avoid the possibility of the invention of new ungrounded views on the analyzed work. This will make the essay possess a very logical construction and easier for the reader to follow the course of thought of the writer. The author should always consider the ideas, which were originally the base for the analyzed work.
The effect of atmospherics, or physical design and decoration elements, on consumers and employees is recognized by managers and mentioned in retailing, and organizational behavior texts. A wide-renge literature on effects of store atmospherics on buyer behavior exists, dating back to the late 1960s (Smith and Curnow, 1966; Kotler, 1973-1974, Mehrabian and Russell 1974, Donovan and Rossiter, 1982). The dominant framework in numerous studies on the effects of store atmospherics on shopping behavior have employed the stimulus- organism-response (S-O-R) model developed in the field of environmental psychology (Mehrabian and Russell, 1974) and introduced to marketing by Donovan and Rossiter (1982) for store atmospheric studies, to explain and predict the effects of atmospheric variables on consumer's emotional states and their behavior. Spangenberg Crowley, and Henderson (1996) noted that draws from the stimulus-organism- response (S-O-R) paradigm, which, or in our context the atmosphere (environment) is a stimulus (S) containing cues that causes a consumer's evaluations (O), which in tum create some behaviour (approach/avoidance) responses (R) (Mehrabian and Russell 1974; Russell and Pratt 1980; Donovan and Rossiter, 1982). Atmospheric stimuli cause specific cognitive and affective reactions, and these reactions modify shopping behavior (Bitner, 1992; Wakefield and Baker, 1998). Many studies (. Sherman and Smith, 1986; Dawson et al., 1990; Baker et al., 1992; Tai and Fung, 1997; Sherman et al., 1997) use the Mehrabian and Russell (1974) famework, they demonstrated that the information rate of stimuli influences emotional responses of organism (PAD - pleasantness, arousal, dominance), which determines the response as approach-avoidance behaviors to avert the stimuli. Further research has found that pleasure and arousal sufficiently explain most of the affect and behavior responses and research attention has been attractes on these variables (Russell, 1978; Russell and Pratt, 1980). Considerable evidence has been accumulated with increasing interests in the effects of store atmospherics on shopping behaviors, in support of a pleasure and arousal hypothesis as the major mediating mechanism (Kalcheva and Weitz, 2006; Eroglu and Machliet 1990, 2008; Turley and Milliman, 2000).